What Foods should you Avoid in the 2nd Trimester of Pregnancy?
Once your second-trimester of pregnancy begins, you will notice quick changes in your body. During this trimester morning-sickness will disappear and your bump will get bigger. In these next three months, your child is developing very rapidly and start to move inside you. Your baby will also recognize and react to your vocal sound. During your second trimester, you will certainly tell that you must consume food that is good for two. Because you will feel hungrier compared in your first trimester, but the fact is your baby only needs more than 300 calories.
However, rather than concentrating on consuming more food, concentrate on how to eat better. Make sure to consume essential nutrients and add more vegetable and fruits in your pregnancy diet and avoid eating unhealthy foods during the second trimester of your pregnancy.
Foods to Avoid During your Second Trimester
There are certain foods that you must avoid during second-trimester pregnancy. Here are the following:
#1. Junk foods
During your pregnancy, you should avoid eating junk foods, even if you are craving for it. Junk foods eliminate many important nutrients in your body and it is loaded with calories and fats, these nutrients are not essential for pregnant woman like you. Eating too much junk foods can affect your baby’s growth and development and it will cause health problems in the future.
And according to study, consuming too many sugars and fats during your pregnancy could predispose issue to diabetes.
#2 White rice and White Bread
These foods flash into your bloodstream and affect your glucose level. This will make your newborn baby chubbier and the possibility of being overweight as he grows up is higher. However, consuming more calories from other foods can reduce obesity.
#3. Food that causes constipation
During the second trimester of your pregnancy, you will regularly suffer from constipation and this will lead to discomforts. Don’t eat food that makes you feel constipated. Instead, drink more water and eat plenty of vegetables and fruits. So that you will not suffer from too much pain.
Seafood is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids and protein, these nutrients are essential for the development of your baby’s eye and brain. However, some shellfish and fish contain high amounts of mercury. Since too much consumption of mercury can harm your unborn baby’s growing nervous system.
Older and bigger fish contain higher amounts of mercury. That is why FDA (Food and Drug Administration) encourages you/all pregnant women to avoid tilefish, king mackerel, shark, and swordfish.
Also, avoid eating contaminated, undercooked or raw seafood to avoid dangerous viruses and bacteria.
#5. Avoid undercooked eggs, poultry, and meat
During your entire pregnancy, you are at danger of bacterial food poisoning and lead to a severe health condition. Once you eat raw food especially the bloody one, your baby will also suffer from food poisoning.
On the other hand, eating undercooked can cause severe foodborne illness, which is commonly known as listeriosis. This illness can affect your baby’s growth and development.
#6. Avoid Alcohol
Drinking alcohol is not safe during your entire pregnancy. If you did not stop drinking alcohol the risk of stillbirth and miscarriage is higher. It can also result in fetal alcohol syndrome that can cause intellectual disability and facial deformities.
#7. Artificial Sweeteners
If you are suffering from phenylketonuria, you need to avoid artificial sweeteners that have aspartame, especially if you are pregnant. Aspartame can cause a headache and it will make you feel ill. But, aspartame can’t affect your baby’s growth and development.
#8. Energy Drinks
Being expectant can be draining and you will probably think that consuming energy drink is the best solution. Yes, giving up caffeine during your pregnancy is not easy. But it is important to consider the health condition of your baby. Because energy drinks contain too much sodium, sugar, and caffeine, nutrients that can harm your unborn baby
However, moderate consumption of caffeine is for pregnant women like you.
Consuming excessive amount of sugar during your pregnancy is dangerous. Suffering from mood swings, heartburn, and occasional vomiting are normal during your pregnancy. However, if you continue to eat too much sugar symptoms can become aggregated and persist.
Also, avoid eating burgers, ice creams, and pickles because these foods are loaded with sugar and fats. In addition, it can also result in weight gain and shed extra fat after your gave birth is harder.
#10. Organ Meat
Organ meat is loaded with many nutrients. These contain copper, vitamin A, vitamin B12, and iron. However, consuming excessive vitamin A from animals is not suggested during your pregnancy.
Vitamin A found in animals contains high toxicity and copper levels that can cause liver toxicity and birth defects.
Therefore, you should not consume organ meat regularly.
#11. Raw sprouts
Mung bean, radish, clover, and alfalfa are all raw sprouts that are contaminated with Salmonella bacteria. It means, you should not or avoid eating uncooked sprouts. On the other hand, you can eat sprouts unless they prepare and cook properly.
#12. Unwashed Produce
Unpeeled or unwashed vegetables and fruits may possibly contaminate with many parasites and bacteria. These include Listeria, Salmonella, E Coli and Toxoplasma that can be acquired through handling or from the mud. Contamination may possibly occur during retail, transportation, storage, processing, harvesting, and production.
These bacteria can harm you and your unborn baby. Toxoplasma is the most harmful parasite that stays on vegetables and fruits. Unfortunately, Toxoplasma infections have no symptoms and normally lasts for more than one month.
Your unborn baby may possibly infest with Toxoplasma if you eat contaminated fruits or vegetables. Once your baby was infected by this parasites, intellectual disabilities and blindness can be developed in the future.
In addition, infected babies may suffer from serious brain and eye damage at birth.
During your pregnancy, cooking, peeling and rinsing vegetables and fruits is essential to avoid infection.
#13. Unpasteurized Cheese, Fruit Juice, and Milk
Unpasteurized cheese and raw milk contain many harmful bacteria such as Campylobacter, E. Coli, Salmonella, and Listeria. Unpasteurized juice also contains dangerous bacteria that cause infections.
These infections can have dangerous consequences for your unborn child. The bacteria occurs naturally or triggered by uncleanness during storage or collection.
However, these harmful bacteria can be eliminated through pasteurization. During this process, no nutritional value is eliminated. On the other hand, during your entire pregnancy, you should only consume pasteurized cheese, fruit juice and milk for your own and your unborn baby’s safety and to reduce the occurrence of bacterial infections.
Aside from avoiding unhealthy foods during your second-trimester pregnancy, you should also avoid unnecessary things that are not safe for your baby and you.
Here are the following:
Abnormal stress that makes you unhappy and sad must be avoided. Because too much stress can affect your unborn baby’s condition. On the other hand, depression can also hurt your baby. Depression and stress stimulate the construction of certain hormones and chemicals in your body. These chemicals and hormones can reduce oxygen supply and tighten blood vessels, which affect your child’s development
Active and passive smoking during your pregnancy can increase the possibility of behavioral and health problems. These problems are commonly associated with baby mortality and develop meningitis.
Moreover, chewing tobacco during your pregnancy can lead to low birth weight and decreases gestational stage at birth.
As mentioned above, during the second trimester of your pregnancy your bump starts getting larger. That is why outdoor sports like horse riding, basketball, football, and tennis must be avoided. However, you can still do other sports such as swimming.
Due to rapid changes in your body, wearing stilettos or pair of high heels must be avoided. Because you are gaining weight, there is a possibility that you might fall and it is not safe for your unborn baby.
Rather than wearing high heels, it is better to use comfortable shoes or sandals with arch support for your safety.
Sleeping in an uncomfortable position is not appropriate for you. Since your uterus pushes your blood vessels and spine. That can lead to shortness of breath, back pain and irregular flow of blood.
However, sleeping on your left side is recommended. Also, you can support your tummy by placing the pillow on your stomach and legs and it this way you feel relax and comfortable.
During your pregnancy, proper sanitation and handling of your food is imperative and endorsed. But, this is not simple to do, because several foods may possibly be contaminated when you acquire them.
For safety measures, shunning away with foods that were cited above is the best thing that you can do to safeguard you and your unborn baby to be free from any bacterial contaminations.